Dr. Glen Daigger  |  Dr. Nancy Love  |  Dr. Lutgarde Raskin  |  Dr. Krista Wigginton


Chang, P. H., Juhrend, B., Olson, T. M., Marrs, C. F., and Wigginton, K. R. (2017). Degradation of extracellular antibiotic resistance genes with UV254 treatment. Environmental Science & Technology (Accepted). DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b01120.

Bibby, K., Carvalho, N. A., and Wigginton, K. (2017). Research Needs for Wastewater Handling in Virus Outbreak Response. Environmental Science & Technology. 51 (5): 2534–2535. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b06492.


Snyder, K. V., Webster, T. M., Upadhyaya, G., Hayes, K. F., & Raskin, L. (2016). Vinegar-amended anaerobic biosand filter for the removal of arsenic and nitrate from groundwater. Journal of environmental management, 171, 21-28.

Qiao, Z., and Wigginton, K. R. 2016. Direct and indirect photochemical reactions in viral RNA measured with RT-qPCR and mass spectrometry. Environmental Science and Technology. 50 (24): 13371-13379. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b04281.

Lahr, R. H., Goetsch, H. E., Haig, S. J., Noe-Hays, A., Love, N. G., Aga, D. S., Bott, C. B., Foxman, B., Jimenez, J., Luo, T., Nace, K., Ramadugu, K., and Wigginton, K. R. 2016. Urine bacterial community convergence through fertilizer production: Storage, pasteurization, and struvite precipitation. Environmental Science and Technology. 50 (21): 11619-11626. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b02094.

Ye, Y., Ellenberg, R. M., Graham, K. E., Wigginton, K. R. 2016. Survivability, partitioning, and recovery of enveloped viruses in untreated municipal wastewater. Environmental Science and Technology. 50 (10): 5077-5085. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b00876.


Muller, J. F., S. Ghosh, K. Ikuma, A. M. Stevens and N. G. Love*. In press. Chlorinated phenol-induced physiological antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. FEMS Microbiology Letters.

Keen, O., N. G. Love, D. S. Aga and K. Linden*. In press. Biodegradability of iopromide products after UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation. Chemosphere.

Singh, R., Y. Lester, K. Linden, N. G. Love, G. Ekin Atilla-Gokcumen, D. S. Aga. In press. Application of metabolite profiling tools and time-of flight mass spectrometry in the identification of transformation products of iopromide and iopamidol during advanced oxidation. Environmental Science and Technology.

Vela, Jeseth Delgado; Stadler, Lauren B.; Martin, Kelly J.; Lutgarde Raskin; Charles B. Bott, Nancy G. Love. Prospects for Biological Nitrogen Removal from Anaerobic Effluents during Mainstream Wastewater Treatment. Environmental Science and Technology Letters. 2(9): 234-244. DOI: 10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00191.

Smith, A. L., Skerlos, S. J. and Raskin, L. 2015. Membrane biofilm development improves COD removal in anaerobic membrane bioreactor wastewater treatment. Microbial Biotechnology, 8: 883–894. doi:10.1111/1751-7915.12311

K. R. Wigginton, Y. Ye and R. M. Ellenberg. 2015. Emerging investigators series: the source and fate of pandemic viruses in the urban water cycle. Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., DOI: 10.1039/C5EW00125K.

Stadler, Lauren B., Lijuan Su, Christopher J. Moline, Alexi S. Ernstoff, Diana S. Aga, and Nancy G. Love*. 2015. Effect of redox conditions on pharmaceutical loss during biological wastewater treatment using sequencing batch reactors. Journal of Hazardous Materials. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.08.002.


J. E. Donham, E. J. Rosenfeldt and K. R. Wigginton. 2014. Photometric hydroxyl radical scavenging analysis of standard natural organic matter isolates. Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts. DOI: 10.1039/c3em00663h.

Smith†, A. L., L. B. Stadler†, L. Cao, N. G. Love, L. Raskin, and S. J. Skerlos*. 2014. Navigating wastewater energy recovery strategies: A life cycle comparison of anaerobic membrane bioreactor and conventional treatment systems with anaerobic digestion. Environmental Science and Technology, 48:5972-5981. DOI/10.1021/es5006169.

†These authors contributed equally to this work.

A. K. Syed, S. Ghosh, N. G. Love, B. R. Boles*, 2014. Triclosan promotes Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization, mBio, 5(2):e01015-13. DOI/10.1128/mBio.01015-13.

Orfield, Nolan D., G. A. Keoleian* and N. G. Love. 2014. A GIS-based national assessment of algal bio-oil production potential through flue gas and wastewater co-utilization. Biomass and Bioenergy, 63:76-85.


K. R. Gilmore*, A. Terada, B. F. Smets, S. Lackner, J. L. Garland, and N. G. Love. 2013. Autotrophic nitrogen removal in a membrane-aerated biofilm reactor. Environmental Engineering and Science, 30(1). DOI: 10.1089/ees.2012.0222.

Sigstam, T, Gannon, G., Cascella, M., Pecson, B., Wigginton, K., Kohn, T. (2013) “Subtle differences in virus composition affect disinfection kinetics and mechanisms.” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 79, pp. 3455-3467.

Vikesland, P.V., Fiss, E.M., Wigginton, K.R., McNeill, K., Arnold, W.A. (2013) “Halogenation of Bisphenol-A, Triclosan, and Chlorophenols in Chlorinated Waters Containing Iodide.” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 47, pp. 6764-6772.


Smith, A. L., L. B. Stadler, N. G. Love, S. Skerlos, and L. Raskin*. 2012. Perspectives on anaerobic membrane bioreactor treatment of domestic wastewater: A critical review. Bioresource Technology, 122(Special Issue, SI):149-159. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.04.055

Raskin, L., S. Skerlos, N.G. Love, A.L. Smith (2012), Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactors for Sustainable Wastewater Treatment, Water Environment Research Foundation Final Report U4R08, IWA Publishing, London, United Kingdom.

Pinto, A.J. and N. G. Love*. 2012. Bioreactor function under perturbation scenarios is affected by interactions between bacteria and protozoa. Environmental Science and Technology, 46:7558-7566. DOI: 10.1021/es301220f

Keen, O., N. G. Love, and K. G. Linden*. 2012. The role of effluent nitrate in contaminant oxidation during UV disinfection. Water Research, 46(16):5224-5234. DOI:10.1016/j.watres.2012.06.052

Keen, O. S., S. Baik, K. G. Linden*, D. S. Aga and N. G. Love. 2012. Enhanced biodegradation of carbamazepine after UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation. Environmental Science and Technology, 46:6222-6227. DOI: 10.1021/es300897u

S. M. Cook, B. J. VanDuinen, N. G. Love and S. J. Skerlos*. 2012. Life cycle comparison of environmental emissions from three disposal options for unused pharmaceuticals. Environmental Science and Technology, 46 (10):5535-5541. DOI: 10.1021/es203987b

R. Mesfioui, N. G. Love, D. A. Bronk, M. R. Mulholland, P. G. Hatcher*. 2012. Reactivity and chemical characterization of effluent organic nitrogen from wastewater treatment plants determined by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Water Research, 46:622-634. DOI:10.1016/j.watres.2011.11.022

Pinto, A. J. and L. Raskin, 2012. PCR biases distort bacterial and archaeal community structure in pyrosequencing datasets. PLoS One, accepted.

Pinto, A. J., C. Xi, and L. Raskin, 2012. Bacterial community structure in the drinking water microbiome is governed by filtration processes. Environmental Science and Technology, accepted.

Smith, A. L., L. B. Stadler, N. G. Love, S. Skerlos and L. Raskin, 2012. Perspectives on anaerobic membrane bioreactor treatment of domestic wastewater: A critical review. Bioresource Technology, accepted.

De Long, S. K., X. Li, S. Bae, J. C. Brown, L. Raskin, K. A. Kinney and M. J. Kirisits, 2012. Quantification of genes and gene transcripts for microbial perchlorate reduction in fixed-bed bioreactors. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 112, 579-592.

Upadhyaya, G., T. M. Clancy, K. V. Snyder, J. Brown, K. F. Hayes and L. Raskin, 2012. Effect of air-assisted backwashing on the performance of an anaerobic fixed-bed bioreactor that simultaneously removes nitrate and arsenic from drinking water sources. Water Res. 46, 1309-1317.

Wigginton, K.R., Pecson, B.M., Sigstam, T., Bosshard, F., Kohn, T. (2012) “Virus inactivation mechanisms: impact of disinfectants on virus function and structural integrity,” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 46, pp. 12069-12078.

Wigginton, K.R., Menin, L., Sigstam, T., Gannon, G., Cascella, M., Hamidane, H.B., Tsybin, Y.O., Waridel, P., Kohn, T. (2012) “UV radiation induces genome-mediated, site-specific cleavage in viral protein,” ChemBioChem, Vol. 13, pp. 837-845.

Wigginton, K.R., Kohn, T. “Virus disinfection mechanisms: the role of virus composition, structure, and function,” (2012) Current Opinion in Virology, Current Opinion in Virology, Vol. 2, pp. 84-89.


Lamp†, J. L., J. S. Guest†, S. Naha, K. A. Radavich, N. G. Love, M. W. Ellis and I. K. Puri. 2011. Flame synthesis of carbon nanostructures on stainless steel anodes for use in microbial fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources, 196(14):5829-5834.

† These authors contributed equally to this work.

Khunjar, W. O., S. A. Mackintosh, J. Skotnicka-Pitak, S. Baik, D. S. Aga, N. G. Love. 2011. Elucidating the relative roles of ammonia oxidizing and heterotrophic bacteria during the biotransformation of 17a-ethinylestradiol and trimethoprim. Environmental Science and Technology, 45(8):3605-3612.

Ghosh, S., C. M. Cremers, U. Jakob, and N. G. Love. 2011. Chlorinated phenols control the expression of the multi-drug resistance efflux pump MexAB-OprM in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by activating NalC. Molecular Microbiology, 79:1547-1556.

Filippino, K. C., M. R. Mulholland, P. W. Bernhardt, G. E. Boneillo, R. E. Morse, M. Semcheski, H. Marshall, N. G. Love, Q. Roberts and D. A. Bronk. 2011. Bioavailability of effluent-derived organic nitrogen along an estuarine salinity gradient. Estuaries and Coasts. 34:269-280.

Zhao, Z., K. F. Knowlton, N. G. Love, and J. A. Ogejo. 2011. Estrogen removal from dairy manure by pilot-scale treatment reactors. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE). 53(4):1295-1301.

Khunjar, W. O. and N. G. Love. 2011. Sorption of carbamazepine, 17 a-ethinylestradiol, iopromide and trimethoprim to biomass involves interactions with exocellular polymeric substances. Chemosphere, 82:917-922, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.10.046.

Ghosh, S. and N. G. Love. 2011. Molecular diversity of algae assemblages at wastewater treatment plants. Bioresource Technology, 102: 3619-3622.

Dai, D., D. Holder, L. Raskin and C. Xi, 2011. Separation of the bacterial species, Escherichia coli, from mixed-species microbial communities for transcriptome analysis. Bmc Microbiology. 11.

Li, X., G. Upadhyaya, W. Yuen, J. Brown, E. Morgenroth and L. Raskin, 2011. Changes in the Structure and Function of Microbial Communities in Drinking Water Treatment Bioreactors upon Addition of Phosphorus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 76, 7473-7481.

Shimada, T., X. Li, J. L. Zilles, E. Morgenroth and L. Raskin, 2011a. Effects of the Antimicrobial Tylosin on the Microbial Community Structure of an Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 108, 296-305.

Shimada, T., E. Morgenroth, M. Tandukar, S. G. Pavlostathis, A. Smith, L. Raskin and R. E. Kilian, 2011b. Syntrophic acetate oxidation in two-phase (acid-methane) anaerobic digesters. Water Sci. Technol. 64, 1812-1820.

Mattle, M.J., Crouzy, B., Brennecke M., Wigginton, K.R., Perona, P., and Kohn, T. (2011). “Impact of virus aggregation on inactivation by peracetic acid and implications for other disinfectants.” Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 45, pp. 7710-7717.


Bronk, D. A., Q. Roberts, E. Canuel, P. Hatcher, R. Mesfioui, K. C. Filippino, M. R. Mulholland, and N. G. Love. 2010. Effluent organic nitrogen (EON): bioavailability, and photochemical and salinity release. Environmental Science and Technology, 44(15):5830-5835.

H. A. Tucker, K. F. Knowlton, M. T. Meyer, W. O. Khunjar, and N. G. Love. 2010. Effect of diet on fecal and urinary estrogenic activity, Journal of Dairy Science, 93:2088-2094.

Aruguete, D. M., J. S. Guest, W. W. Yu, N. G. Love and M. F. Hochella, Jr. 2010. Interaction of CdSe/CdS core-shell quantum dots and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Environmental Chemistry, 7:28-35.

Ellis, M. W., N. G. Love, I. K. Puri, J. S. Guest, S. Naha, and J. L. Lamp. 2010. Development of a Microbial Fuel Cell for Sustainable Wastewater Treatment. Water Environment Research Foundation, Report No. U1R06, Alexandria, VA, 61 pages.

Guest, J. S., S. J. Skerlos, G. T. Daigger, J. R. E. Corbett, N. G. Love. 2010. The use of qualitative system dynamics to identify sustainability characteristics of decentralised wastewater management alternatives. Water Science and Technology, 61(6):1637-1644.

Berry, D., D. Holder, C. Xi and L. Raskin, 2010a. Comparative transcriptomics of the response of Escherichia coli to the disinfectant monochloramine and to growth conditions inducing monochloramine resistance. Water Res. 44, 4924-4931.

Berry, D., M. Horn, C. Xi and L. Raskin, 2010b. Mycobacterium avium Infections of Acanthamoeba Strains: Host Strain Variability, Grazing-Acquired Infections, and Altered Dynamics of Inactivation with Monochloramine. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 76, 6685-6688.

Herzberg, M., D. Berry and L. Raskin, 2010. Impact of microfiltration treatment of secondary wastewater effluent on biofouling of reverse osmosis membranes. Water Res. 44, 167-176.

Malaisamy, R., D. Berry, D. Holder, L. Raskin, L. Lepak and K. L. Jones, 2010. Development of reactive thin film polymer brush membranes to prevent biofouling. J. Membr. Sci. 350, 361-370.

Zhou, Z., L. Raskin and J. L. Zilles, 2010. Effects of Swine Manure on Macrolide, Lincosamide, and Streptogramin B Antimicrobial Resistance in Soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 76, 2218-2224.

Wigginton, K.R., Menin, L., Montoya, J.P., Kohn, T. (2010) “Oxidation of virus proteins during UV254 and singlet oxygen mediated inactivation.” Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 44, 5437–5443.

Vikesland, P.J., Wigginton, K.R. (2010) “Nanomaterial enabled biosensors for pathogen monitoring – a review.” Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 44, 3656-3669.

Wigginton, K.R., Vikesland, P.J. (2010) “Gold-coated polycarbonate membrane filter for pathogen concentration and SERS-based detection.” The Analyst, Vol. 135, 1320-1326.


Guest, J. S.; S. J. Skerlos, J. L. Barnard, M. B. Beck, G. T. Daigger, H. Hilger, S. J. Jackson, K. Karvazy, L. Kelly, L. Macpherson, J. R. Mihelcic, A. Pramanik, L. Raskin, M. C. M. van Loosdrecht, F. Yeh, N. G. Love. 2009. A new planning and design paradigm to achieve sustainable resource recovery from wastewater. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(16):6126-6130.

Krometis, L. A. H., T. A. Dillaha, N. G. Love, and S. Mostaghimi. 2009. Evaluation of a filtration/dispersion method for enumeration of particle-associated Escherichia coli. Journal of Environmental Quality, 38(3):980-986.

Skotnicka-Pitak, J., W. O. Khunjar, N. G. Love, and D. S. Aga. 2009. Characterization of metabolites formed during the biotransformation of 17?-ethinylestradiol by Nitrosomonas europaea in batch and continuous flow bioreactors. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(10):3549 – 3555.

Gilmore, K. R., Little, J. C., Smets, B. F. and Love, N. G. 2009. Oxygen Transfer in a flow-through hollow-fiber membrane biofilm reactor. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 135(9):806-814.

Güngör, K., Müftügil, M. B., Ogejo, J. A., Knowlton, K. F. and Love, N. G. 2009. Prefermentation of liquid dairy manure to support biological nutrient removal. Bioresource Technology, 100:2124-2129.

Zhao, Z., Fang, Y., Love, N. G. and Knowlton, K. F. 2009. Biochemical and biological assays of endocrine disrupting compounds in various manure matrices. Chemosphere, 74:551-555.

Zhang, Y., Love, N. G. and Edwards, M. 2009. Nitrification in drinking water systems. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 39(3):153-208.

Love, N. G., A. J. Pinto, J. S. Guest, S. Hardin and A. Shaw. 2009. Determining and Assessing Corrective Action Strategies for Treatment Plants Exposed to Chemical Toxins. Water Environment Research Foundation, Report No. 04-CTS-11S, Alexandria, VA, 191 pages.

Berry, D., C. W. Xi and L. Raskin, 2009. Effect of Growth Conditions on Inactivation of Escherichia coli with Monochloramine. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43, 884-889.

Briones, A. M., B. J. Daugherty, L. T. Angenent, K. Rausch, M. Tumbleson and L. Raskin, 2009. Characterization of microbial trophic structures of two anaerobic bioreactors processing sulfate-rich waste streams. Water Res. 43, 4451-4460.

Guest, J. S., S. J. Skerlos, J. L. Barnard, M. B. Beck, G. T. Daigger, H. Hilger, S. J. Jackson, K. Karvazy, L. Kelly, L. Macpherson, J. R. Mihelcic, A. Promanik, L. Raskin, M. C. M. Van Loosdrecht, D. Yeh and N. G. Love, 2009. A New Planning and Design Paradigm to Achieve Sustainable Resource Recovery from Wastewater. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43, 6126-6130.

Zhou, Z., L. Raskin and J. L. Zilles, 2009. Macrolide Resistance in Microorganisms at Antimicrobial-Free Swine Farms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75, 5814-5820.

Rule, K.L., Vikesland, P.J. (2009) “Surface-enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy for the rapid detection of Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia,” Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 43, 1147-1152.


DeBusk, J. A., Arogo Ogejo, J., Knowlton, K. F., and Love, N. G. 2008. Chemical phosphorus removal for separated flushed dairy manure. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 24(4):499-506.

Soupir, M.L., S. Mostaghimi, and N.G. Love. 2008. A method to partition between attached and unattached E. coli in runoff from agricultural lands. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 44(6):1591-1599.

Carrico, B., DiGiano, F. A., Love, N. G., Vikesland, P., Fiss, M., Zaklikowski, A., Chandran, K. 2008. Effectiveness of disinfectant switching for control of nitrification. JAWWA 100(10):104-115.

Kozarek, J. L., Wolfe, M. L., Love, N. G., and Knowlton, K. F. 2008. Sorption of estrogens to three agricultural soils from Virginia, USA. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) 51(5):1591-1597.

Chandran, K. and Love, N. G. 2008. Physiological state, growth mode, and oxidative stress play a role in Cd(II)-mediated inhibition of Nitrosomonas europaea 19718. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74(8):2447-2453.

Mutuc, M. D. M., Love, N. G. and Vikesland, P. J. 2008. Surface catalyzed fenton treatment of bis(2-chloroethyl) ether and bis(2-chloroethoxy) methane. Chemosphere 70:1390-1398.

Li, X., E. Morgenroth and L. Raskin, 2008. Quantitative rRNA-Targeted Solution-Based Hybridization Assay Using Peptide Nucleic Acid Molecular Beacons. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 74, 7297-7305.

Luh, J., N. Tong, L. Raskin and B. J. Marinas, 2008. Inactivation of Mycobacterium avium with Monochloramine. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 8051-8056.

Choi, Y.C., X. Li, L. Raskin, and E. Morgenroth (2008), Chemisorption of oxygen onto activated carbon can enhance the stability of biological perchlorate reduction in fixed bed biofilm reactors, Water Research, 42 (xx), 3425-3434.

Shimada, T., J.L. Zilles, E. Morgenroth, and L. Raskin (2008), Inhibitory effects of the macrolide antimicrobial tylosin on anaerobic treatment, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 101(1):73-82..

Shimada, T., J.L. Zilles, E. Morgenroth, and L. Raskin (2008), Modelling the effect of the antimicrobial tylosin on the performance of an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor, Water Science & Technology, 57(11), 1699-1704.

Angenent, L.T., M. Mau, U. George, J.A. Zahn, and L. Raskin (2008), Effect of the Presence of the Antimicrobial Tylosin in Swine Waste on Anaerobic Treatment, Water Research, 42 (10-11), 2377-2384.

Briones, A.M., J. Shililu, J. Githure, R. Novak, and L. Raskin (2008), Thorsellia anophelis is the dominant bacterium in a Kenyan population of adult Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes, ISME Journal, 2, 74–82.


Pinto, A., Guest, J. S., Love. N. G., Shaw, A., Fairey, A. W., Iler, P. L., Earle, J. K. Shallenbarger, D., and Barker, D. 2007. Testing toxic shock event response protocols for nutrient removal systems. Water Practice 1(5): doi: 10.2175/193317707X256973.

Henriques, I. D. S. and Love, N. G. 2007. The role of extracellular polymeric substances in the toxicity response of activated sludge bacteria to chemical toxins. Water Research 41:4177-4185.

Henriques, I.D.S., Kelly, R. T. II, Dauphinais, J. L. and Love, N. G. 2007. Activated sludge inhibition by chemical stressors – a comprehensive study. Water Environment Research 79(9):940-951. (Recipient of Rudolf’s Industrial Waste Management Medal, WEF)

Kelly, R. T. II and Love, N. G. 2007. Ultraviolet spectrophotometric determination of nitrate: detecting nitrification rates and inhibition. Water Environment Research 79(7):808-812.

Henriques, I. D. S., Aga, D. S., Mendes, P. and Love, N. G. 2007. Metabolic footprinting: A new approach to identify physiological changes in complex microbial communities upon exposure to toxic chemicals. Environmental Science and Technology 41(11):3945-3951.

Muller, J. F., Stevens, A. M., Craig, J. and Love, N. G. 2007. Transcriptome analysis reveals multi-drug efflux genes upregulated to protect Pseudomonas aeruginosa from pentachlorophenol stress. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73(14):4550-4558.

Shimada, T., J. Zilles, L. Raskin, and E. Morgenroth (2007), Carbohydrate Storage in Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactors, Water Research, 41 (20), 4721-4729.

Klein, A.N., D. Frigon, and L. Raskin (2007), Populations Related to Alkanindiges, a Novel Genus Containing Obligate Alkane Degraders, Are Implicated in Biological Foaming in Activated Sludge Systems, Environmental Microbiology, 9 (8), 1898-1912.

Duangmanee, T., S.I. Padmasiri, J.J. Simmons, L. Raskin, S. Sung (2007), Hydrogen Production by Anaerobic Microbial Communities Exposed to Repeated Heat Treatments, Water Environment Research, 79 (9), 975-983.

Choi, Y.C., X. Li, L. Raskin, and E. Morgenroth (2007), Effect of backwashing on the removal of perchlorate in fixed bed biofilm reactors, Water Research, 41 (9), 1949-1959.

Rausch, K.D., L.M. Raskin, R.L. Belyea, T.E. Clevenger, and M.E. Tumbleson (2007), Nitrogen and sulfur concentrations and flow rates of corn wet milling streams, Cereal Chemistry, 84, 260-264.

Zhou, Z., M.N. Pons, L. Raskin, J.L. Zilles (2007), Automated Image Analysis for Quantitative Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization with Environmental Samples, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 73 (9), 2956-2962.

Padmasiri, S.I., J. Zhang, M. Fitch, B. Norddahl, E. Morgenroth, and L. Raskin (2007), Methanogenic Population Dynamics and Performance of an Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor (AnMBR) Treating Swine Manure under High Shear Condition, Water Research, 41 (1), 134-144.

Zhang, J., S.I. Padmasiri, M. Fitch, B. Norddahl, L. Raskin, and E. Morgenroth (2007), Influence of Cleaning Frequency and Membrane History on Fouling in an Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor, Desalination, 207, 153-166.

Briones, A.M., B.J. Daugherty, L.T. Angenent, K. Rausch, M. Tumbleson and L. Raskin (2007), Microbial diversity and dynamics in multi- and single-compartment anaerobic bioreactors processing sulfate-rich waste streams, Environmental Microbiology, 9 (1), 93–106.

Fiss, M.E., Rule, K.L., Vikesland, P.J. (2007) “Formation of chloroform and other chlorinated byproducts by chlorination of Triclosan-containing antibacterial products.” Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 41, 2387-2394.


Yi, T., Harper, W. F. Jr., Holbrook, R. D. Jr., and Love, N. G. 2006. The role of particle characteristics and ammonium monooxygenase in removal of 17 a-ethinyl estradiol in bioreactors. ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering 132(11):1527-1529.

Rittmann, B. E., Haunser, M., Loeffler, F., Love, N. G., Muyzer, G., Okabe, S., Oerther, D., Peccia, J., Raskin, L., and Wagner, M. 2006. A vista for microbial ecology and environmental biotechnology. Environmental Science and Technology 40(4):1096-1103.

Gilmore, K. R., R. E. Capuno, Jr., N. G. Love, and B. F. Smets. 2006. Anaerobic stabilization of early planetary base ersatz wastewater formulation. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Technical Paper Series 2006-01-2255. 36th International Conference on Environmental Systems, SAE, Norfolk, VA.

Jindal, A., S. Kocherginskaya, A. Mehboob, M. Robert, R.I. Mackie, L. Raskin, and J.L. Zilles (2006), Antimicrobial Use and Resistance in Swine Waste Treatment Systems, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72 (12), 7813-7820.

Amin, M.M., J.L. Zilles, J. Greiner, S. Charbonneau, L. Raskin, and E. Morgenroth (2006), Influence of the antibiotic erythromycin on anaerobic treatment of a pharmaceutical wastewater, Environmental Science & Technology, 40 (12), 3971-3977.

Frigon, D., G. Muyzer, M. van Loosdrecht, and L. Raskin (2006), Ribosomal RNA and Poly-b-hydroxybutyrate dynamics in bioreactors submitted to feast and famine cycles, Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 72 (4): 2322-2330.

Zheng, D., L.T. Angenent, and L. Raskin (2006), Monitoring Granule Formation in Anaerobic Upflow Bioreactors Using Oligonucleotide Hybridization Probes, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 94(3), 458-472.

Berry, D., C. Xi, and L. Raskin (2006), Microbial Ecology of Drinking Water Distribution Systems, Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 17 (3), 297-302.

Rittmann, B.E., M. Haunser, F. Löffler, N.G. Love, G. Muyzer, S. Okabe, D.B. Oerther, J. Peccia, L. Raskin, and M. Wagner (2006), A Vista for Microbial Ecology and Environmental Biotechnology, Environmental Science and Technology, 40 (4): 1096-1103.

Frigon, D., R.M. Guthrie, G.T. Backman, J. Royer, B. Bailey, and L. Raskin (2006), Long-term Analysis of a Full-Scale Activated Sludge Wastewater Treatment System Exhibiting Seasonal Biological Foaming, Water Research, 40 (3): 990-1008.


Leung, S.M., Little, J.C., Holst, T. and Love, N.G. 2005. Gas/liquid mass transfer in a biological aerated filter. ASCE, Journal of Environmental Engineering, 132(2):181-189.

Holbrook, R.D., Novak, J.T. and Love, N.G. 2005. Impact of activated sludge-derived colloidal organic carbon on behavior of estrogenic agonist recombinant yeast bioassay. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24(11):2717-2724.

Henriques, I.D.S., Holbrook, R.D., Kelly, R.T. and Love, N.G. 2005. The impact of floc size on respiration inhibition by soluble toxicants – a comparative investigation. Water Research, 39(12):2559-2568.

Knowlton, K.F., Love, N.G., and Parsons, C.M. 2005. Effect of dietary phosphorus and mechanical separation on dairy manure characteristics. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE), 48(3):1252-1258.

Gillam, D. E., Bishop, P. L., and Love, N. G. 2005. A study of glutathione-gated potassium efflux in biofilms using potassium microelectrodes. Environmental Engineering Science, 22(4):489-495.

Love, N. G., Henriques, I. D. S., and Kelly, R. T. II. 2005. Upset Early Warning Systems for Biological Treatment Processes: Source and Effect Relationships. Water Environment Research Foundation, Report No. 01-CTS-2. Alexandria, VA.

Xu, Y., Lei, G., Linares, K. A., Fleming, D. L., Meehan, K., Lu, G. Q., Love, N. G. and Love, B. J. 2005. Maximizing dye fluorescence via incorporation of metallic nanoparticles in solution. SPIE (The International Society for Optical Engineering), 5591:175-183.

Vervaeren, H., K. De Wilde, J. Matthys, N. Boon, L. Raskin and W. Verstraete (2005), Quantification of an Eikelboom type 021N bulking event with fluorescence in situ hybridisation and real time PCR, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 68 (5): 695-704.

3. Xi, C., L. Raskin, and S. Boppart (2005), Evaluation of Microfluidic Biosensor Development Using Microscopic Analysis of Molecular Beacon Hybridization Kinetics, Biomedical Microdevices, 7 (1): 7-12.

Rausch, K.D., L.M. Raskin, R.L. Belyea, R.M. Agbisit, B.J. Daugherty, T.E. Clevenger, and M.E. Tumbleson (2005), Phosphorus concentrations and flow in maize wet-milling streams, Cereal Chemistry, 82 (4):431–435.

Zilles, J., T. Shimada, Jindal, A., M. Robert, and L. Raskin (2005), Presence of Macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B and Tetracycline Antimicrobials in Swine Waste Treatment Processes and Amended Soil, Water Environment Research, 77 (1), 57-62.

Nollet, H., I. Van de Putte, L. Raskin and W. Verstraete (2005), Carbon/Electron Source Dependence of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Dechlorination Pathways for Anaerobic Granules, Chemosphere, 58 (3), 299-310.

Rule, K.L., Ebbett, V.R., Vikesland, P.J., (2005). “Formation of chloroform and chlorinated organics by free-chlorine mediated oxidation of Triclosan” Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 39, 3176-3185.


Holbrook, R. D., Higgins, M. J., Murthy, S. N., Fonseca, A. D., Fleischer, E. J., Daigger, G. T., Grizzard, T. J., Love, N. G., Novak, J. T. 2004. Impact of alum addition on the performance of submerged membranes for wastewater treatment. Water Environment Research, 76(7):2699-2702.

Holbrook, R. D., Love, N. G. and Novak, J. T. 2004. Investigation of sorption behavior between pyrene and colloidal organic carbon from activated sludge processes. Environmental Science and Technology, 38(19):4987-4994.

Holbrook, R. D., Love, N. G. and Novak, J. T. 2004. Sorption of 17ß-estradiol and 17?-ethinylestradiol by colloidal organic carbon derived from biological wastewater treatment systems. Environmental Science and Technology, 38(12):3322-3329.

Bott, C. B. and Love, N. G. 2004. Implicating the glutathione-gated potassium efflux system as a cause of electrophile-induced activated sludge deflocculation. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70(9):5569-5578.

Wimmer, R. F. and Love, N. G. 2004. Activated sludge deflocculation in response to chlorine addition: the potassium connection. Water Environment Research, 76(3):213-219.

Kelly II, R. T., Henriques, I. D. S. and Love, N. G. 2004. Chemical inhibition of nitrification in activated sludge. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 85(6):683-694.

Henriques, I. D. S., Kelly II, R. T. and Love, N. G. 2004. Deflocculation effects due to chemical perturbation in sequencing batch reactors. Water Science and Technology. 50(10):287-294.

McMahon, K.D., D. Zheng, A.J.M. Stams, R.I. Mackie, and L. Raskin (2004), Microbial Population Dynamics During Startup and Overload Conditions of Anaerobic Digesters Treating Municipal Solid Waste and Sewage Sludge, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 87 (7), 823-834.

Aiyuk, S., J. Amoako, L. Raskin, A. van Haandel, and W. Verstraete (2004), Removal of Carbon and Nutrients from Domestic Wastewater Using a Low-Cost, Integrated Treatment Concept, Water Research, 38 (13), 3031-3042.

Xi, C., D. Marks, D.S. Parikh, L. Raskin, and S. Boppart (2004), Structural and Functional Imaging of Three-Dimensional Microfluidic Mixers using Optical Coherence Tomography, Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, 101 (20), 7516-7521.

Angenent, L. T., S. Sung, and L. Raskin (2004), Formation of granules and Methanosaeta fibers in an anaerobic migrating blanket reactor (AMBR), Environmental Microbiology, 6 (4), 315-322.


Oerther, D. B. and Love, N. G. 2003. The value of applying molecular biology tools in environmental engineering: academic and industry perspective in the U.S.A., Re/Views in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, 2(1):1-8.

Holbrook, R. D., Love, N. G. and Novak, J. T. 2003. Biological wastewater treatment and estrogenic endocrine disrupting compounds: The importance of colloidal organic carbon. Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management (ASCE), October:289-296.

Fouratt, M. A., Rhodes, J. A., Smithers, C. M., Love, N. G. and Stevens, A. M. 2003. Application of temporal gradient gel electrophoresis to the characterization of a nitrifying bioaugmentation culture. FEMS Microbial Ecology, 43(2):277-286.

Xi, C., M. Balberg, S. Boppart, and L. Raskin (2003), Use of DNA and Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) molecular beacons for the detection and quantification of rRNA in solution and in whole cells, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69 (9), 5673-5678.

Loor-Vela, S.X., J.J. Crawford, F.W. Simmons, and L. Raskin (2003), Degradation Of [14C] Acetochlor Herbicide Under Anaerobic Aquatic Conditions In Flooded Soil Microcosms, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51 (23); 6767-6773.

Briones, A. and L. Raskin (2003), Diversity and dynamics of microbial communities in engineered environments and their implications for process stability, Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 14 (3), 270-276.

Brown, J.C., V.L. Snoeyink, L. Raskin, and R. Lin (2003), Sensitivity of Fixed-Bed Biological Perchlorate Removal to Changes in Operating Conditions and Water Quality Characteristics, Water Research, 37 (1), 206-214.


Holbrook, R. D., Novak, J. T., Grizzard, T. J., and Love, N. G. 2002. Estrogen receptor agonist fate during wastewater and biosolids treatment processes: A mass balance analysis. Environmental Science and Technology, 36(21):4533-4539.

Brauner, J. S., Widdowson, M. A., Novak, J. T. and Love, N. G. 2002. Biodegradation of a PAH mixture by native subsurface microbiota. Bioremediation Journal, 6 (1):9-24.

Bott, C. B. and Love, N. G. 2002. Investigating a mechanistic cause for activated sludge deflocculation in response to shock loads of toxic electrophilic chemicals. Water Environment Research, 74:306-315. (Recipient of Harrison Prescott Eddy Medal, WEF)

Love, N. G. and Bott, C. B. 2002. Evaluating the role of microbial stress response mechanisms in causing biological treatment system upset. Water Science and Technology. 46(1-2):11-18.

Brown, J.C., V.L. Snoeyink, L.M. Raskin, J.C. Chee-Sanford, and R. Lin (2002), The Effect of Various Operating Conditions and Water Quality Parameters on the Removal of Perchlorate in a Biologically Active Carbon Filter, Water Sci. Technol.: Water Supply 2, 201–206.

de los Reyes, F.L., D. Rothauszky, and L. Raskin (2002), Comparing Microbial Communities in Foaming and Non-Foaming Full-Scale Activated Sludge Systems, Water Environment Research, 74 (5), 437-449.

Angenent, L.T., D. Zheng, S. Sung, and L. Raskin (2002), Microbial Community Structure and Activity in a Compartmentalized, Anaerobic Bioreactor, Water Environment Research, 74 (5), 450-461.

Angenent, L.T., S. Sung, and L. Raskin (2002), Methanogenic Population Dynamics During Startup of a Full-Scale Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor Treating Swine Waste, Water Research, 36 (18), 4648-4654.

Oerther, D.B., M.C.M. van Loosdrecht and L. Raskin (2002), Quantifying the impact of wastewater micronutrient composition on in situ growth activity of Acinetobacter spp, Water Sci.Technol. 46 (1-2), 443-447.

Frigon, D., E. Arnaiz, D.B. Oerther, and L. Raskin (2002), Who eats what? Classifying microbial populations based on diurnal profiles of rRNA levels, Water Sci.Technol. 46 (1-2), 1–9.

Frigon, D., D.B. Oerther, E. Morgenroth, and L. Raskin (2002), Oligonucleotide probe hybridization and modeling results suggest that populations consuming readily degradable substrate in plug-flow reactors have high cellular RNA levels, Water Sci.Technol. 45 (6), 115-126.

de los Reyes, F.L., and L. Raskin (2002), Role of Filamentous Microorganisms in Activated Sludge Foaming: Relationship of Mycolata Levels to Foaming Initiation and Stability, Water Research, 36 (2), 445-459.

Kirisits, M.J., V.L. Snoeyink, J.C. Chee-Sanford, B.J. Daugherty, J.C. Brown, and L. Raskin (2002), Effect of Column Design and Operating Conditions on Bromate Removal Efficiency in BAC Filters, Journal American Water Works Association, 94 (4), 182-193.


Ma, G. and Love, N. G. 2001. BTX metabolism in activated sludge under multiple redox conditions. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 127(6):509-516.

Bott, C. B. and Love, N. G. 2001. The immunochemical detection of stress protein expression in activated sludge exposed to toxic chemicals. Water Research, 35:91-100.

Ma, G. and Love, N. G. 2001. Creating anoxic and microaerobic conditions in sequencing batch reactors treating volatile BTX compounds. Water Science and Technology, 42(3):275-282.

Bott, C. B., Duncan, A. J. and Love, N. G. 2001. Stress protein expression in domestic activated sludge in response to xenobiotic shock loading. Water Science and Technology, 43(1):123-130.

Oerther, D.B., F.L. de los Reyes, M.A. de los Reyes, L. Raskin (2001), Quantifying Filamentous Microorganisms in Activated Sludge Before, During, and After an Incident of Foaming by Oligonucleotide Probe Hybridizatons and Antibody Staining, Water Research, 35 (14), 3325-3336.

McMahon, K.D., P.G. Stroot, R.I. Mackie, and L. Raskin (2001), Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste and Biosolids under Various Mixing Conditions – II. Microbial Population Dynamics, Water Research, 35 (7), 1817-1827.

Stroot, P.G., K.D. McMahon, R.I. Mackie, and L. Raskin (2001), Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste and Biosolids under Various Mixing Conditions – I. Performance Data, Water Research, 35 (7), 1804-1816.

Kirisits, M.J., V.L. Snoeyink, H. Inan, J.C. Chee-Sanford, L. Raskin, and J.C. Brown (2001), Water Quality Factors Affecting Bromate Reduction in Biologically Active Carbon Filters, Water Research, 35 (4), 891-900.

Rule, K.L., Selvaraj, I.I., Kirchmeier, R.L. (2001). “Synthesis and characterization of per/polyfluorophenoxy derivatives of octachlorocyclotetraphosphazenes.” Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, Vol. 112, 307-312 Sp. Iss.


Duncan, A. J., Bott, C. B., Terlesky, K. C., and Love, N. G. 2000. Detection of GroEL in activated sludge: a model for detection of system stress. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 30:28-32.

Love, N. G. and Bott, C. B. 2000. A Review and Needs Survey of Upset Early Warning Devices. Water Environment Research Foundation, Report No. 99-WWF-2. Alexandria, VA.

Angenent, L.T., D. Zheng, S. Sung, and L. Raskin (2000), Methanosaeta Fibers in Anaerobic Migrating Blanket Reactors, Water Sci. Technol., 41 (4-5), 35-39.

Alm, E.W., D. Zheng, and L. Raskin (2000), The Presence of Humic Substances and DNA in RNA Extracts Affects Quantitative Hybridization Results, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 66 (10), 4547-4554.

Fernandez, A.S., S.A. Hashsham, S.L. Dollhopf, L. Raskin, O. Glagoleva, F.B. Dazzo, R.F. Hickey, C.S. Criddle, and J.M. Tiedje (2000), Flexible Community Structure Correlates with Stable Community Function in Methanogenic Bioreactor Communities Perturbed by Glucose, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 66 (9), 4058-4067.

Zheng, D., and L. Raskin (2000), Quantification of Methanosaeta Species in Anaerobic Bioreactors using Genus- and Species-Specific Hybridization Probes, Microbial Ecology, 39, 246-262.

Oerther, D.B., J. Pernthaler, A. Schramm, R. Amann, and L. Raskin (2000), Monitoring precursor 16S rRNAs of Acinetobacter spp. in activated sludge wastewater treatment systems, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 66 (5), 2154-2165.

Hristova, K., D. Zheng, M. Mau, R. Aminov, R. Mackie, H.R. Gaskins, and L. Raskin (2000), Desulfotomaculum Genus- and Group-specific Small-Subunit rRNA Hybridization Probes for Environmental Studies, Environmental Microbiology, 2 (2), 143-159.


Love, N. G., Smith, R. J., Gilmore, K. R., and Randall, C. W. 1999. Oxime inhibition of nitrification during treatment of an ammonia-containing industrial wastewater. Water Environment Research, 71(4):418-426.

Lu, Y.-T., Love, N. G., and Grady, C. P. L. Jr. 1999. Microscopic methods for distinguishing among three cell types in TOL plasmid-carrying Pseudomonas putida cultures. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 173:195-201.

Bailey, E. L. and Love, N. G. 1999. Treatment of a wastewater containing nitrification-inhibiting oximes using a single sludge nitrogen removal treatment system. Water Environment Research, 71(1):94-101.

Brauner, J. S., Widdowson, M. A., Novak, J. T., and Love, N. G. 1999. Intrinsic bioremediation of PAH compounds at a fuel-contaminated site. In Bioremediation Technologies for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Compounds. (Eds) Leeson, A., and Alleman, B. C. Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, 5(8):19-24.

Gilmore, K. R., Husovitz, K. J., Holst, T., and Love, N. G. 1999. Influence of organic and ammonia loading on nitrifier activity and nitrification performance for a two-stage biological aerated filter system. Water Science and Technology, 39(7):227-234.

Hansen, K.H., B.K. Ahring, L. Raskin (1999), Quantification of Syntrophic Fatty Acid-b-Oxidizing Bacteria in a Mesophilic Biogas Reactor Using Oligonucleotide Probe Hybridizations, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 65, 4767-4774.

Oerther, D.B., F.L. de los Reyes, M. Hernandez, and L. Raskin (1999), Simultaneous Oligonucleotide Probe Hybridization and Immunostaining for In Situ Detection of Gordona Species in Activated Sludge, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 29, 129-136.

Oerther, D.B., F.L. de los Reyes, and L. Raskin (1999), Interfacing Phylogenetic Oligonucleotide Probe Hybridizations with Representations of Microbial Populations and Specific Growth Rates in Mathematical Models of Activated Sludge Processes, Water Sci. Technol., 39 (1), 11-20.


Novak, J. T., Love, N. G., Smith, M. L. and Wheeler, E. R. 1998. The impact of cationic salt addition on the settling and dewatering properties of an industrial activated sludge. Water Environment Research., 70(5):984-996.

Love, N. G., Rust, M. E., and Terlesky, K. C. 1998. Enrichment and characterization of an anaerobic methylethylketoxime-degrading culture from an anoxic/anaerobic/aerobic activated sludge sequencing batch reactor. Water Science and Technology, 37(3-4):95-98.

McMahon, K.D., D.A. Stahl, and L. Raskin (1998), A Comparison of the Use of In Vitro-Transcribed and Native rRNA for the Quantification of Microorganisms in the Environment, Microbial Ecology, 36, 362-371.

Danalewich, J.R., T.G. Papagiannis, R.L. Belyea, M.E. Tumbleson, and L. Raskin (1998), Characterization of Dairy Waste Streams, Current Treatment Practices, and Potential for Biological Nutrient Removal, Water Research, 32 (12), 3555-3568.

de los Reyes, M.F., F.L. de los Reyes, M. Hernandez, and L. Raskin (1998), Identification and quantification of Gordona amarae Strains in Activated Sludge Systems Using Comparative rRNA Sequence Analysis and Phylogenetic Hybridization Probes, Water Sci. Technol., 37 (4-5), 521-525.

de los Reyes, F.L., D. Oerther, M.F. de los Reyes, M. Hernandez, and L. Raskin (1998), Characterization of Filamentous Foaming in Activated Sludge Systems Using Oligonucleotide Hybridization Probes and Antibody Probes, Water Sci. Technol., 37 (4-5), 485-493.

Oerther, D.B., J. Danalewich, E. Dulkegurgen, E. Leveque, D.L. Freedman, and L. Raskin (1998), Bioaugmentation of Sequencing Batch Reactors for Biological Phosphorus Removal: Comparative rRNA Sequence Analysis and Hybridizations with Oligonucleotide Probes, Water Sci. Technol., 37 (4-5), 469-473.

de los Reyes, M.F., F.L. de los Reyes, M. Hernandez, and L. Raskin (1998), Quantification of Gordona amarae Strains in foaming Activated Sludge and Anaerobic Digester Systems Using Oligonucleotide Hybridization Probes, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 64 (7), 2503-2512.

Griffin, M.E., K.D. McMahon, R.I. Mackie, and L. Raskin (1998), Methanogenic Population Dynamics during Start-Up of Anaerobic Digesters Treating Municipal Solid Waste and Biosolids, Biotechnol. Bioeng. 57 (3), 342-355.


Lin, C., L. Raskin, and D.A. Stahl (1997), Microbial Community Structure in Gastrointestinal Tracts of Domestic Animals Using Molecular Probes, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 22 (4), 281-294.

de los Reyes, F., W. Ritter, and L. Raskin (1997), Group-Specific Small Subunit rRNA Hybridization Probes to Characterize Filamentous Foaming in Activated Sludge Systems, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 63 (3), 1107-1117.


Zheng, D., E.W. Alm, D.A. Stahl, and L. Raskin (1996), Characterization of small subunit rRNA universal probes for quantitative molecular microbial ecology studies, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 62 (12), 4504-4513.

Raskin, L., B.E. Rittmann, and D.A. Stahl (1996), Competition and Co-Existence of Sulfate-Reducing and Methanogenic Populations in Anaerobic Biofilms, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 62 (10), 3847-3857.

Alm, E.W., D. Oerther, N. Larsen, D.A. Stahl, and L. Raskin, (1996), The Oligonucleotide Probe Database, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 62 (10), 3557-3559.

Raskin, L., W.C. Capman, M.D. Kane, B.E. Rittmann, and D.A. Stahl (1996), Critical Evaluation of Membrane Supports for Use in Quantitative Hybridizations, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 62 (1), 300-303.


Love, N. G. and Grady, C. P. L. Jr. 1995. Impact of growth in benzoate and m-toluate liquid media on culturability of Pseudomonas putida on benzoate and m-toluate plates. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 61:3142-3144.

Raskin, L., D. Zheng, M.E. Griffin, and F. de los Reyes (1995), Molecular Studies of Microbial Population Dynamics in Anaerobic Biological Treatment Systems, Med. Fac. Landbouww. Univ. Gent, 60, 2619-2626.

Raskin, L., D. Zheng, M.E. Griffin, P.G. Stroot, and P. Misra (1995), Characterization of Microbial Communities in Anaerobic Bioreactors Using Molecular Probes, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 68, 297-308.

Raskin, L., R.I. Amann, L.K. Poulsen, B.E. Rittmann, and D.A. Stahl (1995), Use of Ribosomal RNA Based Molecular Probes for Characterization of Complex Microbial Communities in Anaerobic Biofilms, Wat. Sci. Technol., 31, 261-272.


Raskin, L., L.K. Poulsen, D.R. Noguera, B.E. Rittmann, and D.A. Stahl (1994), Quantification of Methanogenic Groups in Anaerobic Biological Reactors by Oligonucleotide Probe Hybridization, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 60 (4), 1241-1248.

Raskin, L., J.M. Stromley, B.E. Rittmann, and D.A. Stahl (1994), Group-Specific 16S rRNA Hybridization Probes to Describe Natural Communities of Methanogens, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 60 (4), 1232-1240.


Stahl, D.A., M.D. Kane, R.I. Amann, L. Raskin, R. Key, and J.M. Stromley (1992), Molecular Studies of the Population Ecology of Methanogens and Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria in Natural and Laboratory Systems, Aust. Microbiologist, 13, 95-97.


Herendeen, R., Hegan (Love), N., and Stiles, L. 1983. Measuring energy savings using personal trend data. Energy and Buildings, 5:289-296.